Serializers

Serializers can be attached to backends in order to serialize/deserialize data sent and retrieved from the backend. This allows to apply transformations to data in case you want it to be saved in a specific format in your cache backend. For example, imagine you have your Model and want to serialize it to something that Redis can understand (Redis can’t store python objects). This is the task of a serializer.

To use a specific serializer:

>>> from aiocache import SimpleMemoryCache
>>> from aiocache.serializers import PickleSerializer
cache = SimpleMemoryCache(serializer=PickleSerializer())

Currently the following are built in:

NullSerializer

StringSerializer

PickleSerializer

JsonSerializer

In case the current serializers are not covering your needs, you can always define your custom serializer as shown in examples/serializer_class.py:

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import asyncio
import zlib

from aiocache import RedisCache
from aiocache.serializers import StringSerializer


class CompressionSerializer(StringSerializer):

    # This is needed because zlib works with bytes.
    # this way the underlying backend knows how to
    # store/retrieve values
    encoding = None

    def dumps(self, value):
        print("I've received:\n{}".format(value))
        compressed = zlib.compress(value.encode())
        print("But I'm storing:\n{}".format(compressed))
        return compressed

    def loads(self, value):
        print("I've retrieved:\n{}".format(value))
        decompressed = zlib.decompress(value).decode()
        print("But I'm returning:\n{}".format(decompressed))
        return decompressed


cache = RedisCache(serializer=CompressionSerializer(), namespace="main")


async def serializer():
    text = (
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt"
        "ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation"
        "ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in"
        "reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur"
        "sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit"
        "anim id est laborum.")
    await cache.set("key", text)
    print("-----------------------------------")
    real_value = await cache.get("key")
    compressed_value = await cache.raw("get", "main:key")
    assert len(compressed_value) < len(real_value.encode())


def test_serializer():
    loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
    loop.run_until_complete(serializer())
    loop.run_until_complete(cache.delete("key"))
    loop.run_until_complete(cache.close())


if __name__ == "__main__":
    test_serializer()

You can also use marshmallow as your serializer (examples/marshmallow_serializer_class.py):

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import random
import string
import asyncio

from marshmallow import fields, Schema, post_load

from aiocache import SimpleMemoryCache
from aiocache.serializers import StringSerializer


class RandomModel:
    MY_CONSTANT = "CONSTANT"

    def __init__(self, int_type=None, str_type=None, dict_type=None, list_type=None):
        self.int_type = int_type or random.randint(1, 10)
        self.str_type = str_type or random.choice(string.ascii_lowercase)
        self.dict_type = dict_type or {}
        self.list_type = list_type or []

    def __eq__(self, obj):
        return self.__dict__ == obj.__dict__


class MarshmallowSerializer(Schema, StringSerializer):
    int_type = fields.Integer()
    str_type = fields.String()
    dict_type = fields.Dict()
    list_type = fields.List(fields.Integer())

    def dumps(self, *args, **kwargs):
        # dumps returns (data, errors), we just want to save data
        return super().dumps(*args, **kwargs).data

    def loads(self, *args, **kwargs):
        # dumps returns (data, errors), we just want to return data
        return super().loads(*args, **kwargs).data

    @post_load
    def build_my_type(self, data):
        return RandomModel(**data)

    class Meta:
        strict = True


cache = SimpleMemoryCache(serializer=MarshmallowSerializer(), namespace="main")


async def serializer():
    model = RandomModel()
    await cache.set("key", model)

    result = await cache.get("key")

    assert result.int_type == model.int_type
    assert result.str_type == model.str_type
    assert result.dict_type == model.dict_type
    assert result.list_type == model.list_type


def test_serializer():
    loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
    loop.run_until_complete(serializer())
    loop.run_until_complete(cache.delete("key"))


if __name__ == "__main__":
    test_serializer()

By default cache backends assume they are working with str types. If your custom implementation transform data to bytes, you will need to set the class attribute encoding to None.